Find the right wall board for your home
Drywall has become the standard material used to build interior walls in homes and offices. It is comprised of plaster, which is pressed between a pair of thick paper sheets and then dried in a kiln, which fuses the plaster with the paper to create a sturdy wall board.
Drywall Specifications and Types
In North America, wall board is typically manufactured in panels which measure 4 feet in width and in various lengths. Available thicknesses include ¼-inch, ⅜-inch, ½-inch and ⅝-inch. You can also order drywall with custom specifications if you have unique needs.
There are dozens of different types of drywall available, from the standard white board to products with fire resistance, moisture and mold resistance, and soundproofing capabilities. Some of the most common types of drywall you will encounter in addition to standard white board include:
- Type X drywall, which has multiple layers that create fire resistance
- Greenboard, which includes oily chemical additives that create a moisture-resistant barrier
- Blueboard, which resists both mold and water, making it a popular choice for bathrooms
- Cement board, which has excellent water resistance and makes an ideal base for ceramic tiles
- Soundboard, which offers superior sound deadening capabilities
Wall Repair Kits
A drywall repair kit contains all the fillers, tools and accessories you need to clean and prepare a hole for filling and make wall damage disappear. If you're going to use one, make sure that it's been tested and meets fire safety standards. When using wall repair kits, you'll typically begin by cleaning the area around the hole in the wall. Then, you'll insert the filling compound in the hole and place the filler plate. Finally, you'll use wall cover to smooth over the repairs. You can then repaint the formerly damaged area, or cover it with wallpaper or a decorative molding.
As an alternative to purchasing a drywall repair kit, you can just collect the tools and materials you need to make the repairs. This can be a cheaper alternative to buying a kit. Typically, you'll need to have a sanding tool, plaster and a trowel along with joint tape and drywall joint compound. If you need to make repairs to a corner, drywall corner bread may also be needed. Home improvement and online retailers will carry everything you need to save money on these types of essential fixes.